Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

|What is GIS?| |Why a Separate Database?| |Who Uses GIS?|
|BG-Map vs Other GIS?|


What is a GIS?

A GIS (Geographic Information System) is a sophisticated computer based mapping and information retrieval system. Every GIS consists of three primary components:

To form a true GIS, all three components must be tightly integrated.


Why Use a Database That is Separate From the Map?

A relational database is far more efficient than a computer map for storage and retrieval of text data, particularly when a large number of data records are present. By using the map to hold the graphical portion of the data, and the database for the text portion, maximum efficiency is obtained. Further, the data in the database becomes easily available for sharing with other software applications.


Who Uses GIS?

GIS technology is used by anyone who needs to interpret or display large quantities of data on a spatial or geographic basis. Frequent user's of GIS include:


What is the Difference Between BG-Map and Other GIS Systems?

Like any other GIS, BG-Map consists of a computer drawn map, an external database, and a set of analysis tools. However, for botanical garden use, BG-Map offers several advantages over other GIS systems:


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